fication, shall apply to steel castings for pressure-containing Specification A and SI units for material ordered to parts under each of the following ASTM. Q: A customer has asked whether we can supply carbon and alloy steel valve bodies meeting Supplemental Requirement S23 in ASTM A What is the. ASTM A/AM: Standard Specification for Steel Castings, General Requirements, for Pressure- Containing Parts.

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When the metal is poured into the casting mold, the oxygen can come out of the solution and form gas porosity in the castings. Combining values from the two systems may result in nonconformance with the standard. Smart, Data-Driven and Agile Post: In order to avoid castings with excessive gas porosity, the foundry may add deoxidizing elements to the melt.

Materials Q&A

The mold material can also influence the cooling rate. Valve Basics Training to Expand in Bolting and the Space Shuttle Challenger Disaster. It has also been found thathigher levels of phosphorus, sulfur,boron, axtm and copper inhibitaluminum nitride embrittlement. One tension test shall be made from each heat, and shall conform to the tensile requirements specified.

The casting configuration can also influence the cooling rate.

Supplemental Requirement S23 in ASTM A

Electric Actuator Commissioning Post: E Reference Radiographs for Heavy-Walled to 12 in. Preparing for a Plant Outage. A cross-section of the heaviest section of ast sacrificial casting A coupon attached to the heaviest section A coupon removed from directly asstm a riser or A coupon from the same heat of material removed from a separately cast test block with a thickness representative of the heaviest section of the casting.


This abstract is a brief summary of the referenced standard. Ferritic and martensitic steel shall be cooled after pouring to provide substantially complete transformation of austenite prior to heat treatment to enhance mechanical properties.

The steel shall be made by qstm or electric-furnace process, with or without separate refining such as argon-oxygen-decarburization AODunless otherwise designated by the individual specification. Looking for a career in the Valve Industry?

The macroetch test specified in Supplemental Requirement S23 in ASTM A is designed to detect the occurrence of aluminum nitride embrittlement in castings. The mechanical test methods and definitions are presented in details.

Pressure-Containing Parts, Suitable for High. What is the purpose of this requirement? The thickness of the casting orportion of the casting is an obviousfactor influencing whether embrittlementoccurs, since thicker casting sectionswill cool more slowly through thecritical temperature range than thinsections. Referenced Documents purchase separately The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

Manufacturing 21st Century Style: Latest Post Popular Links Events. This specification covers steel castings, general requirements, for pressure-containing parts.

After machining, each casting shall be tested under specified hydrostatic shell test pressures in the applicable steel rating for which the casting is designed.


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The specifications for the common cast steels used in valve bodies do not require analysis or reporting of nitrogen as a standard requirement. Steel Castings, Ferritic and Martensitic, for Pressure. The resulting etched specimen is compared with 10 reference macrographs.

New Washer Application Search Tool. These are provided for use when additional testing or inspection is desired and astk only when specified individually by the purchaser in the order. Chemical Production Continues to Edge Lo.

Work Item s – proposed revisions of this standard. Castings, Iron-Nickel-Chromium and Nickel. Most a7003 have the equipment necessary to analyze and report aluminum content. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Stainless Steel, for Pressure-Containing Parts. Astk presence of these elements results in the formation of oxide compounds, which mitigates the formation of oxygen gas bubbles during solidification.

If fracture occurs, it has a rock-candy appearance due to fracture along the prior austenite grain boundaries. Although some foundries monitor nitrogen levels in their steel, many do not have the necessary equipment to do this. Steel Castings, Martensitic Stainless and Alloy, for.

Steel Castings Suitable for Pressure Service.